The child support program encourages responsible parenting, family self-sufficiency and child well-being by providing assis-tance in finding moms and dads, developing paternity, developing, customizing and imposing support obligations and obtaining child assistance for kids. The program was enacted in January 1975 as Part D of Title IV of the Social Security Act (P.L. 93-647). It runs as a robust collaboration between the federal govern-ment and state and tribal governments. It is administered by the Office of Child Assistance Enforcement (OCSE) and functions in all 54 states and areas and over 60 people. The program imposes and helps with consistent child assistance payments so that kids can rely on their parents for the financial and emotional support they need to be healthy and successful.OCSE is part of the Administration for Kid and Households (ACF) within the Department of Health and Person Solutions (HHS). ACF programs, including child assistance, attain favorable outcomes for children by addressing the needs and respon-sibilities of parents. These programs serve much of the very same households, with interrelated goals to improve kid and household wellness. Like other ACF programs, child support promotes two-generational, family-centered strategies to reinforce the capability of parents to support and care for their children and to lower stress factors impacting poor and high-risk families and their neighborhoods. The child support program is devoted to the ACF objective of developing the evidence base and drawing from that research study to assist policy and practice to constantly improve performance and boost kid well-being. The child assistance program is a federal government success story. In-deed, FY 2015 set a brand-new record for achieving child assistance pro-gram outcomes. In FY 1977, soon after the program began, the kid assistance program served less than 1 million cases and col-lected less than $1 billion.1 In FY 2015, nearly 40 years later, the kid assistance program served nearly 16 million children and gathered $28.6 billion in cases getting child support services. In 2003, the Workplace of Management and Budget plan recognized child Workplace of Kid Support EnforcementThe Story Behind the NumbersAdministration for Children & FamiliesU.S. Department of Health and Human ServicesDecember 2016A Excellent InvestmentThis unique Story Behind the Numbers takes a closer look at patterns in child support program information and other information that affects the program. Through deeper understanding of the story behind the numbers, the series intends to notify policy and practice and strengthen program outcomes.
This paper reveals why the child assistance program is an excellent investment.
Office of Child Support Enforcement2The Child Support Program is a Great Investmentsupport as one of the most reliable programs in federal government.2 Ever since, the program has continued to make progress and evolve to meet the changing needs of families, regardless of the difficult effects of the current financial downturn.In some ways, the kid assistance program is very various from other social welfare programs. It does not move public funds to families as most social welfare programs do; it implements the private transfer of income from moms and dads who do not deal with their children to the family where the children live, thereby increasing the monetary well-being of children and reinforcing the ties in between children and moms and dads who live apart. Many parents who do not cope with their children want to support them. The kid assistance program is there to engage and help them. If moms and dads are unwilling to support their kids who live apart from them, the program is there to enforce that responsibility.The kid assistance program is also different than a number of other social welfare programs in that it interacts with both moms and dads for the benefit of their children. Almost 16 million children, 11 million moms, and over 10 million dads, or 38 million individuals, take part in the pro-gram.3 While program eligibility is not income-tested, many families in the program have actually limited methods. Over half of custodial households in the child assistance program have incomes listed below 150 per-cent of the hardship threshold, while 80 percent have earnings below 300 percent of the hardship limit.4 Approximately one quarter of noncustodial more info moms and dads have incomes listed below the federal poverty line.5 The child support program has evolved over its 40-year existence from a focus on maintaining child assistance to recover welfare expenses to a family-centered program. This evolution has actually been directed by federal legislation and the altering requirements of families. The kid support program relies on efficient statewide automated systems and a broad array of strong enforcement authorities to acquire support for households. At the same time, the program recognizes it needs to serve the entire household to accomplish the ultimate objective of improving the monetary and emotional support of kids. An efficient child support program incorporates a mix of technology-driven processes, basic enforcement reactions, and individual case management to take full advantage of outcomes for ch